Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

What is it?

  • BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery.
  • It’s a 5-year undergraduate program focusing on dental sciences and surgeries.
  • Graduates become recognized dental professionals.

Duration and Structure:

  • Total duration: 5 years (4 years academic + 1 year compulsory rotating internship)
  • Academic years: Focus on theoretical and practical learning in various dental disciplines.
  • Internship: Gain hands-on experience in different departments of a dental hospital.


  • Typically requires passing 12th grade exams (e.g., CBSE, ICSE) with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as core subjects.
  • Must qualify entrance exams like NEET (National Eligibility Entrance Test) in India.


  • Covers subjects like human anatomy, physiology, dental materials, orthodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics, general and dental pharmacology, microbiology, and more.
  • Includes pre-clinical and clinical training, focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of dental and oral diseases.

Career Options:

  • Work as a dentist in government or private hospitals, clinics, or own practice.
  • Pursue specialization in fields like orthodontics, oral surgery, or public health dentistry.
  • Research, teaching, or entrepreneurship in the dental field.


  • High demand for skilled dentists, leading to promising career opportunities.
  • Job satisfaction from helping patients improve their oral health and overall well-being.
  • Good earning potential and career growth options.


  • Rigorous academic program and competitive entrance exams.
  • Requires strong manual dexterity, problem-solving skills, and patient communication skills.
  • Exposure to bodily fluids and potential for musculoskeletal strain.

Additional Information:

  • Regulated by the Dental Council of India (DCI) in India.
  • Costs can vary depending on the institution and location.
  • Scholarships and financial aid options might be available.

Overall, BDS offers a rewarding career path for individuals passionate about dental health and committed to providing quality care to patients.

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